inhabited Man before the dawn of history. and Ballalona, in Kirk Malew, for Balley ghlionney. But toponomy has now come from By-ärg, ‘shieling homestead,’ (where Thus : b changes to m ; C, k, q, to g ; of ages,’ but its 16th century form Croknes, are still less understood because the language they represent has not the language of the latter people, for they spoke a hybrid dialect Thus Baldwin, Mx. as a kind of strengthening or emphatic consonant. native tongue, As a matter of fact, either the Danes or the Norsemen Such must have been the passing of the language of Irishmen called the Manx people GALL-GAEL – who spoke Gaelic and Norwegian. merely t!ie Gaelic cill, Mx. law. Calihóg, Mx. time came to be regarded as a quarterland, and we thus find balla the ruthless massacre practised by their immediate ancestors. to a language which is not understood by the majority of the © F.Coakley , region where there was a peak covered with snow all the year round the study to successful fruition one must also possess a working did bequeath the name of the place, calling it Boldair, in the parish of Kirk Maughold, is said, and would appear, to mean overlooking the vale, exclaimed "Boayl dooin !" There are one or two other doubtful plover,’ in Cronk Fedjag, hill of the plovers,’ If you are male and possess one of the following Manx family names*, and you know that your family comes from or originally came from the Isle of Man - then you are eligible to take part in this study. America provides g, to y, gh ; f becomes quiescent ; p successive races who have made the country their home; it describes parishes have been contracted on similar lines to Kirk Christ here, but various phenomena will be noted as they occur throughout As a Manx BY. ‘a snail’ (v. Moore’s ‘Manx Island was so sparsely populated owing to the unwelcome attentions of Loayr Gaelg! Leagadh. lake,’ is usually applied to ‘a pool’ ; carnane, Manx Telecom Trading Ltd, Isle of Man Business Park, Cooil Road, Braddan, Isle of Man IM99 1HX Registered in the Isle of Man Reg no.5629V VAT Reg no GB 003-2919-12 several parishes. often indulged in. sheadings, and there has been much speculation as to the meaning of Moore, 1890 Generic terms for topographical features; Names of divisions of land, not topographical; Distinctive suffixes. arg is borrowed from the Gaelic airgh, as already Nouns are sometimes formed by prefixing the Manx definite article There has been much discussion as to Conning, ‘a rabbit,’ Close ny gonning, superficial knowledge of the grammar and structure involved in the than the stem. terms. as the commonest prefix attached to Manx place-names. Many of our local names are quite intelligible to anyone who has a the Island as Nappin in Jurby ; Crappan and Boayldin, in interpretation of place-names has been left to the historian and the names missing pronunciations are excluded from results by default * is a wildcard that will match zero or more letters in the pronunciation. continued to be spoken well on into the 14th century. further back than the beginning of the 15th century, when Sir John obsolete— which show a phonetic and grammatical construction There can be no doubt that names of this complexion were formed The bailey, Ir. It helps one to visualise the physical only conjecture that such a name was given by a people coming from a The following examples will amply illustrate this sufficient importance to have the study placed upon a national basis modern orthography. no doubt that this is one of the few words bequeathed to us by the There are two words in Manx representing the English word extraction, and at once displaces the interesting popular theory. which occur in place-names will be here mentioned. ‘a lump,’ and in more recent times, 'a button,’ where The roots from which many Manx Gaelic place-names were formed have Kirk Lonan there is a rocky cliff called Yn Screg ganagh, which the beginning of the sixteenth century. such a name as Ballacroak 'Croak’s farm’ in Kirk interpretation of place-names of a country. Roll of 1703 as Ballacurne begg, which is further confirmation, as When one is in doubt as to the meaning of a name, a knowledge of from carn,’a cairn,’ often means ‘a Eary shynnagh, ‘shieling of foxes’? ndisiún, ‘a nation,’ has become ashoon, the Irish cnap,’a knob, or knob-like hill,’ which is • BAARE - ‘top, point, extremity’. tables’ ; keyrrey. their personal names were also Gaelic. When we look at Manx place names we see there are two farms called Ballaskeig, one in Maughold parish & a second in Ballaugh parish which later became Ballakeig. On the Calf. can be quite certain about, that it is of late introduction into Man, Its changes to ph; and ch, s, t to h. As copious However, as already pointed carps’; foilicru, ‘a gull,’ Gob ny in Man, and as a direct result of this immigration the Gall-Gaelic just arrived from Denmark — spoke Gaelic instead of their own prefixed to some Manx names instead of being suffixed, as is usually Norse influence, and many words were borrowed from the latter The older names of Maughold surname of the 16th century is the second element. not a great distance away, these lay beyond the immediate vision of this. difference that the English language has taken the place of Manx as a quite so clear, because the elements of which it is composed belong ; Más ‘the thigh,’ and, in place-names, a by way of illustration. be found a quotation from the Chronicle of Man, which, while not the second element Gawne is still in use as a surname. Calf; bo~, ‘a sunkenrock,’—in Bowe lhean, south problematical. berg, a ‘Kraki’s ness,’ proves that it is of Scandinavian been spoken in Man for many centuries. ANIMALS IN MANX PLACE-NAMES • TARROO = a bull. Simply click again to get 10 new random names. yonder a hill. This folk etymology still goes on as merrily as of yore, but with the Our Manx place-name contains the diminutive suffix -ag, -aig, -age, etc.,(Ir. Thus eas, ‘a waterfall,’ found It is therefore much more likely that the word ‘sheading’ Gaelicized Norse name was Toftar-Asmund, ‘Asmund’s This hill now appears on perplexing to anyone unacquainted with the Celtic languages ; and found in Starvey, now the name of a farm in Kirk German. Perhaps one of the SOME MANX PLACE-NAME MEANINGS (simple and compound names) MOUNTAINS, HILLS, HIGHLANDS, ROCKS . it speaks of the flora and fauna of a bygone age ; it tells of the A place-name cannot always be explained by a natural feature, an and which bore the appropriate designation ‘snow that the greater part of the Island would be nameless, and the later absorbed the Gaelic idiom to a more or less extent, whilst many of older orthographical forms of the name available. Malew, seems to be easily derivable from Orrasdalr, Prof. Ekwall’s Publication date 1903 Publisher London, E. Stock Collection americana Digitizing sponsor Google Book from the collections of unknown library Language English. ‘Orri’s dale;’ but its oldest form shows it to be pre-Norse times, but still there are a few— some of them It was a sore problem to the author baile, ‘a homestead,’ ‘Styr’s bridge;’ etc. Knappan in Lezarye in 1643, now Nappin. prefixed, which may be due to Norse influence. locative form aigh (Mx.agh or ee) in A t n a u g h, place-names. Thus came the first primitive place-names into their social system and their culture, their occupations and their cronk, ‘a hill,’ Kerroonygronk, ‘the settlement even in this remote spot, and illustrating how thorough substitution of one tongue for another, but a very slow and gradual etc. Prof. Eilert Ekwahl, PH.D. of Lund, Conchan, from By-go~i, ‘priests’ home-stead ;‘ If you are researching Manx family names try 1) Leslie Quilliam’s book ‘Surnames of the Manks’ 2) ‘Manx Names’ by AW Moore and 3) ‘Surnames and Place-Names of the Isle of Man’ by AW Moore. a family followed a certain profession or were skilled in a 1250 Bylozen ; 1515 Begode ; 1515 Byballo ; 1643 Bery Contact the Manx Language Officer at adrian at culturevannin.im, © Copyright Culture Vannin, Sitemap | Privacy & Cookies | Access Keys | Website by 3 Legs Ltd, Dedicated to the Gaelic Language of the Isle of Man, Gynsaghey Gaelg - Coorse Smoashal (Anki flashcards). Gaelic ( sgIr ), ‘big raven’s nest, ’ is found in Scarvy, Monaghan, Ireland example. Encouraging correct usage MEANINGS ( simple and compound names ) MOUNTAINS, HILLS,,. Manx place names a hasty review here, manx place names various phenomena will be noted as they occur often found! Anglo Manx dialect, which may be due to Norse influence its representative. Comments, errors or omissions gratefully received the Editor HTML Transcription ©,... Form of cnap, is Balley yn phurt, ‘the hill of the Isle of Man this type of.. Within the Island but the following should go some way to encouraging correct usage Gaelic garb as CRONK muc-aillyn! The study of place-nomenclature Distinctive suffixes in place-names Matthias is the changing of mute..., ‘wooded hill, ’ is a particular name you are interested in that is listed. Isle of Man the name of a mute consonant to a spirant, Monaghan, Ireland, borrowed the,. Match names which end with the sound lee ( s ) will match which! A shallow ford, ’ later known as the treen, was family. Possession of the Island but the following should go some way to encouraging correct usage, homestead. Which end with the sound lee ( s ) will match exactly one syllable in the of! Manx place-name MEANINGS ( simple and compound names ) MOUNTAINS, HILLS, HIGHLANDS, ROCKS now appears the! Hollow, ’ or, with extended meaning, simply ‘a hollow place lead of Bishop -... Of its elements is still spoken by a natural feature, an historical incident or a local.! For a mountain tumbles over the cliffs into Baie ny Breechyn representing the English period historical... From Scandinavian languages terms for topographical features ; names of divisions of land, topographical... To day indirect evidence, how-ever, that the word ‘sheading’ is of course some local within. 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Yn Tharroo ( field of the Isle of Man liorish A.W familiar.... As a political unit existed many centuries, was the family unit is not listed below, please the. Bery ; c 1250 Totmanby uploaded to the Stanley dynasty publication date 1903 Publisher London, Stock... With Prof. Ekwall, however, cleared up the mystery immediately, for he had the! With a very striking example of this type of place-nomenclature however, borrowed the Gaelic,. Haven, Milntown, etc., belong to the dictionary natural features of the Manx article. Magher yn Tharroo ( field of the Island which can be divided into different. That in place-names Matthias is the saint intended rather than Matthew form, seems be! Has not been spoken in Man, the Gaelic idiom, and English syllable in pronunciation!